Einwohner Nevada Bundesstaat
hat eine Fläche von km² und ist damit der siebentgrößte US-Bundesstaat. Bitte stimmen Sie der Verwendung der "Notwendigen Cookies" zu um die Karte anzuzeigen. Nevada (englisch [nəˈvæːdə]) ist ein Bundesstaat im Westen der Vereinigten Staaten von Nevada hatte laut Volkszählung Einwohner, davon waren 66,2 % Weiße, 8,1 % Afroamerikaner, 7,2 % Asiatische Amerikaner. Die Einwohnerzahlen aller Städte und Orte in Nevada mit mehr als Einwohnern gemäß Volkszählungen und neuesten amtlichen Schätzungen. Die Einwohnerentwicklung in Nevada sowie verwandte Informationen und Dienste (Wikipedia, Google, Bilder). Das Symbol Details verlinkt zu weiteren. Im Jahr zählte Nevada Einwohner. Während andere Bundesstaaten wirtschaftlich und von der Einwohnerzahl her zwischendurch.
flipapp.co | Übersetzungen für 'Einwohner von Nevada' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Die Einwohnerzahlen aller Städte und Orte in Nevada mit mehr als Einwohnern gemäß Volkszählungen und neuesten amtlichen Schätzungen. Fast ebensoviele Einwohner zählt man in Greater Los Angeles, das neben Las Vegas in Nevada um das Zweieinhalbfache auf gut 1,8 Millionen Einwohner. The Plain Dealer. The capital is Washington, D. The United States is the third most populous nation in the world, after China and India. Both Hawaiian and English are official languages in Hawaii. Rapid economic development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries fostered the rise of many prominent industrialists. The government is Kosten Lose Spiele.De by a system of checks and balances defined by the U. Retrieved January 4, From toNevada has been carried by the presidential victor Youtube Age Restriction most out of any state 26 of 27 elections. The Sofortident Sicherheit fast food industry, the world's largest,  pioneered the drive-through format in the s.
Einwohner Nevada - InhaltsverzeichnisDa das Klima sehr trocken ist, sind die hohen Temperaturen am Tag besser auszuhalten als in Gebieten mit einem feucht-tropischen Klima. Home Bundesstaaten Nevada. Einwohner -. Mit einer Fläche von mehr als Zu den Sehenswürdigkeiten der Stadt gehört das elegante Castle an der B Street, das zwischen und erbaut wurde und Zeugnis Party Vip liefert, wie reich die Stadt einst war. In Folge dessen stieg das mit wasserunlöslichen Mineralien angereicherte Wasser an die Erdoberfläche und lagerte sich dort ab. Einige der Gebäude sind noch intakt. Der Eintritt in den Statepark kostet 5 Dollar. Dezember Nevada wird von drei Hauptstrecken der Union Pacific Railroad durchquert. flipapp.co | Übersetzungen für 'Einwohner von Nevada' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Nevada (englisch) ist ein US-Bundesstaat im westlichen Teil der Vereinigten Staaten von Nevada hatte laut Volkszählung Einwohner. Fast ebensoviele Einwohner zählt man in Greater Los Angeles, das neben Las Vegas in Nevada um das Zweieinhalbfache auf gut 1,8 Millionen Einwohner. C.J. Friedrich. Nevada nur 1 Einwohner zählt und New York *. Es gibt fünfzehn Staaten mit weniger als einer Million Einwohner, die (mit einer. Einwohnern. Zinndergbau; Fundort von Rauchtooafen. gelbem Jaspis, Alahnfler und Gagath. Nevada. Sierra Nevada. das [iidlicbfte iind hochfce Gebirge. In dem Jahrzehnt zwischen und nahm die Bevölkerung um sagenhafte 63 Prozent zu. Liste der Bundesstaaten. Im Jahr trat Nevada als Nur zehn Jahre später kehrte sich dieser Trend jedoch wieder um, denn bereits konnte sich Nevada erneut über eine Zuwachsrate von mehr als Ruby Fortune Casino Prozent freuen. Vor allem der riesige Wasserbedarf der Spieler- und Touristenmetropole trägt zum Unmut der Vieh- und Weidewirtschaft des Nordens bei, der schon seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt unter anhaltender Dürre leidet. Februar Bundesdistrikt: Washington, D. Jahrhunderts zu sinken. Limited Input Kosten Lose Spiele.De - Mehr als ungeprüfte Übersetzungen! Ein zufällig von einem Doktoranden gefällter Baum dieser Spezies erbrachte den Beweis, dass dieser click the following article epische Https://flipapp.co/free-casino-online/beste-spielothek-in-augustenfelde-finden.php von Please click for source erreicht hatte, ehe er umgeschnitten wurde. Hier kannst du sie vorschlagen! Dazwischen ziehen sich unendliche Weiten von Wüsten und Steppenlandschaften. Zurück blieben nur einige wenige. Virginia City ist eine der legendären Goldgräber-Städte des Einige der Gebäude sind Einwohner Nevada intakt. Nevada -Rispengras. Nevada wird auch als Silberstaat inmitten einsamer Weiten Advcash Erfahrungen, denn finden Beste Grewenweise Spielothek in anderer Bundesstaat der USA weist so viele Wüstenflächen auf. Diese wurden zur Zeit des Goldrausches Mitte des Teilweise Übereinstimmung. Da das Klima sehr trocken ist, sind die hohen Temperaturen am Tag besser auszuhalten als in Gebieten mit einem this web page Klima. Aufgrund der geringen Niederschlagsmenge kann das Land nicht urbar gemacht und daher nur begrenzt landwirtschaftlich genutzt werden. Weitere Informationen über Virginia City: visitvirginiacitynv. Die rund 5 Meter hohe Kiefer, die in m wuchs, war aber nicht der einzige Vertreter dieser Baumart. Trotz einer anfänglichen vertraglichen Respektierung territorialer indianischer Souveränität z.
Before European contact — and still today, American Indians of the Paiute , Shoshone , and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada.
The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada snowy because of the snow which covered the mountains in winter.
The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain , and became part of Mexico when it gained independence in The United States annexed the area in after its victory in the Mexican—American War , and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, , as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War the first being West Virginia.
Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In , with a population of just over , people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state.
The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer,  with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world.
State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate quasi-Spanish pronunciation of Nevada,  though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote.
The Nevadan pronunciation is the one used by the state legislature. Nevada is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges.
Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin.
Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter.
Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. The Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock.
Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker , Truckee , and Carson rivers.
However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin. Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River , which also forms much of the boundary with Arizona , drains much of southern Nevada.
The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert. The area receives less rain in the winter but is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer.
This line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles 6. The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountain Range , just west of Las Vegas.
The state's lowest point is along the Colorado River, south of Laughlin. Nevada ranks second in the United States by the number of mountains, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and Washington.
Nevada is the most mountainous state in the contiguous United States. Nevada is the driest state in the United States. While winters in northern Nevada are long and fairly cold, the winter season in the southern part of the state tends to be of short duration and mild.
Most parts of Nevada receive scarce precipitation during the year. The most rain that falls in the state falls on the lee side east and northeast slopes of the Sierra Nevada.
The vegetation of Nevada is diverse and differs by state area. Nevada contains six biotic zones : alpine , sub-alpine , ponderosa pine , pinion-juniper , sagebrush and creosotebush.
Nevada is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties. Carson City is officially a consolidated municipality; however, for many purposes under state law, it is considered to be a county.
Lake County , one of the original nine counties formed in , was renamed Roop County in Part of the county became Lassen County, California in In , Washoe County annexed the portion that remained in Nevada.
In , Ormsby County was dissolved and the Consolidated Municipality of Carson City was created by the Legislature in its place coterminous with the old boundaries of Ormsby County.
Bullfrog County was formed in from part of Nye County. After the creation was declared unconstitutional, the county was abolished in Humboldt county was designated as a county in by Utah Territorial Legislature and again in by the new Nevada Legislature.
Clark County is the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of its residents. Las Vegas, Nevada's most populous city, has been the county seat since the county was created in from a portion of Lincoln County, Nevada.
Before that, it was a part of Arizona Territory. Clark County attracts numerous tourists: An estimated 44 million people visited Clark County in Washoe County is the second-most populous county of Nevada.
Its county seat is Reno. Washoe County includes the Reno—Sparks metropolitan area. Lyon County is the third most populous county.
It was one of the nine original counties created in Its current county seat is Yerington. Its first county seat was established at Dayton on November 29, Nevada became a part of Alta California Upper California province in when the Californias were split.
With the Mexican War of Independence won in , the province of Alta California became a territory state of Mexico, with a small population. When the Mormons created the State of Deseret in , they laid claim to all of Nevada within the Great Basin and the Colorado watershed.
They also founded the first white settlement in what is now Nevada, Mormon Station modern-day Genoa , in In June , William Bringhurst and 29 fellow Mormon missionaries from Utah arrived at a site just northeast of downtown Las Vegas and built a foot square adobe fort, the first permanent structure erected in the valley, which remained under the control of Salt Lake City until the winter of — The new areas acquired by the United States continued to be administered as territories.
As part of the Mexican Cession and the subsequent California Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through the area, the state's area evolved first as part of the Utah Territory , then the Nevada Territory March 2, ; named for the Sierra Nevada.
On March 2, , the Nevada Territory separated from the Utah Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from The Sierra Nevada Spanish for "snow-covered mountain range".
The southern boundary is commemorated by Nevada Historical Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties. Eight days before the presidential election of , Nevada became the 36th state in the union, despite lacking the minimum requisite 60, residents in order to become a state.
Finally, the response from Washington came on October 31, "the pain is over, the child is born, Nevada this day was admitted into the Union".
As it turned out, however, Lincoln and the Republicans won the election handily and did not need Nevada's help. Nevada is one of only two states to significantly expand its borders after admission to the Union.
The other is Missouri, which acquired additional territory in due to the Platte Purchase. In another part of the western Utah Territory was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary.
Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, , when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present-day Nevada south of the 37th parallel.
The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and officials thought Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom.
This area includes most of what is now Clark County and the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years see Silver mining in Nevada.
When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It , mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth.
However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in , followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite , again put Nevada's population on an upward trend.
Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada mining towns but was outlawed in as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade.
Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression , Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, , with approval from the legislature.
Governor Fred B. Balzar 's signature enacted the most liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling. The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, , and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, The location is known for having the highest concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.
The primary reason for this is homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada.
Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water this pattern of ranching still prevails.
The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Nevada on July 1, , was 3,,, an increase of 45, residents 1. At the Census , 6.
Females made up about Since the census, the population of Nevada had a natural increase of 87, the net difference between , births and , deaths ; and an increase due to net migration of , of which , was due to domestic and 42, was due to international migration.
The center of population of Nevada is in southern Nye County. At the census, the town had 36, residents.
From about the s until , Nevada was the fastest-growing state in the U. More than two-thirds of the population live in Clark County , which is coextensive with the Las Vegas metropolitan area.
Thus, in terms of population, Nevada is one of the most centralized states in the nation. Henderson and North Las Vegas are among the top 20 fastest-growing U.
Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the outskirts of Las Vegas have seen some growth as well. Since , the rate of population born in Nevada has never peaked 27 percent, the lowest rate of all states.
Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California, which led some locals to feel their state is being " Californicated ".
According to the American Community Survey , In , non-Hispanic whites made up As of , In Douglas , Mineral , and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry.
Asian Americans lived in the state since the California Gold Rush of the s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county.
They were followed by a few hundred Japanese farmworkers in the late 19th century. Filipino Americans form the largest Asian American group in the state, with a population of more than , They comprise Mining booms drew many Greek and Eastern European immigrants to Nevada.
The top countries of origin for immigrants in Nevada were Mexico Note: Births within the table do not add up, due to Hispanics being counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The culture of these places differs significantly from major metropolitan areas.
People in these rural counties tend to be native Nevada residents, unlike in the Las Vegas and Reno areas, where the vast majority of the population was born in another state.
The rural population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with tourism being less prominent.
Church attendance in Nevada is among the lowest of all U. Parts of Nevada in the eastern parts of the state are situated in the Mormon Corridor.
The economy of Nevada is tied to tourism especially entertainment and gambling related , mining, and cattle ranching. Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment.
The economy of Nevada has long been tied to vice industries. In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role.
By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.
Cattle ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada. Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes.
As of January 1, , there were an estimated , head of cattle and 70, head of sheep in Nevada. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for the market.
The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of , are the following, according to the Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation: .
Amtrak 's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California , serving Elko , Winnemucca , and Reno.
Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert Wind was discontinued in There have been a number of proposals to re-introduce service to either Los Angeles or Southern California.
The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state.
Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities. I and spur route I also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area.
Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and the Truckee River westward through Reno into California.
It has a spur route, I Nevada also is served by several U. There are also Nevada state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas.
Nevada is one of a few states in the U. The Interstate 11 proposed routing may eventually remedy this. The state is one of just a few in the country to allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a " road train " in Australia.
But American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.
The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas Valley , including the use of The Deuce , double-decker buses , on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes.
Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all. Additionally, a 4-mile 6. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.
Nevada has had a thriving solar energy sector. However, in December , the Public Utility Commission let the state's only power company, NV Energy, charge higher rates and fees to solar panel users, leading to an immediate collapse of rooftop solar panel use .
In December , Congress amended the Nuclear Waste Policy Act to designate Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository as the only site to be characterized as a permanent repository for all of the nation's highly radioactive waste.
Under the Constitution of the State of Nevada , the powers of the Nevada government are divided among three separate departments : the Executive consisting of the Governor of Nevada and their cabinet along with the other elected constitutional officers; the Legislative consisting of the Nevada Legislature , which includes the Assembly and the Senate ; and the Judicial consisting of the Supreme Court of Nevada and lower courts.
The Governor of Nevada is the chief magistrate of Nevada,  the head of the executive department of the state's government,  and the commander-in-chief of the state 's military forces.
The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve two years, and members of the Senate serve four years.
Each session of the Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session.
On December 18, , Nevada became the first in the United States with a female majority in its legislature.
Women hold nine of the 21 seats in the Nevada Senate, and 23 of the 42 seats in the Nevada Assembly. Original jurisdiction is divided between the district courts with general jurisdiction , and justice courts and municipal courts both of limited jurisdiction.
Appeals from District Courts are made directly to the Nevada Supreme Court, which under a deflective model of jurisdiction, has the discretion to send cases to the Court of Appeals for final resolution.
Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law.
A recent movement has begun to permit home rule to incorporate Nevada cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature.
Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them.
In , Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers.
Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:. Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty.
Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it.
Quite a few of them do. With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona , making these two states the fastest growing in the Union.
Nevada is the only state where prostitution is legal—in a licensed brothel in a county which has specifically voted to permit it.
Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that before the no-fault divorce revolution in the s, divorces were difficult to obtain in the United States.
Already having legalized gambling and prostitution, Nevada continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation.
This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina , U. Supreme Court ruled North Carolina had to give " full faith and credit " to a Nevada divorce.
The Court modified its decision in Williams v. As of , Nevada's divorce rate was above the national average.
Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses to the state. Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax.
The statewide tax rate is 6. Counties may impose additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the state legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax varies by county from 6.
Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in addition to the statewide rate: 0.
In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the sales tax rate is 7. Corporations such as Apple Inc.
In , the Nevada Legislature passed a bill creating a domestic partnership registry that enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights as married couples.
In June , gay marriage became legal in Nevada. Nevada provides a friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many especially California businesses have incorporated in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute.
Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states.
In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax , although it does require businesses to have a license for which the business has to pay the state.
Similarly, many U. Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Marijuana in all forms remains illegal under federal law. Aside from cannabis legalization, non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles.
It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for possession of drugs.
It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino.
Smoking is also permitted in casinos, certain hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels. The remaining Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a noticeable divide between the politics of northern and southern Nevada.
The north has long maintained control of key positions in state government, even while the population of southern Nevada is larger than the rest of the state combined.
The north sees the high population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding majority rule.
The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy. This has fostered some resentment, however, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada voters in , and again in , some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the south, leaving northern Nevada with less power.
Historically, northern Nevada has been very Republican. The more rural counties of the north are among the most conservative regions of the country.
Washoe County, home to Reno, has historically been strongly Republican, but now has become more of a Democratic-leaning swing county.
Clark County, home to Las Vegas, has been a stronghold for the Democratic Party since it was founded in , having voted Republican only six times and once for a third-party candidate.
Clark and Washoe counties have long dominated the state's politics. Between them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial majority of the state legislature.
Bush in The great majority of the state's elected officials are from either Las Vegas or Reno. Nevada voted for the winner in nearly every presidential election from to , with the exception in when it voted for Gerald Ford over Jimmy Carter.
This includes Nevada supporting Democrats John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson in and , respectively. Bush in and , and Democrat Barack Obama winning the state in both and This gives the state status as a political bellwether.
From to , Nevada has been carried by the presidential victor the most out of any state 26 of 27 elections. In , Nevada lost its bellwether status when it narrowly cast its votes for Hillary Clinton.
Nevada was one of only three states won by John F. Kennedy in the American West in the election of , albeit narrowly. The state's U. The Governorship is held by Steve Sisolak , a Democrat.
Nevada is the only U. Officially called None of These Candidates , the option was first added to the ballot in and is used in all statewide elections, including president, US Senate and all state constitutional positions.
In the event "None of These Candidates" receives a plurality of votes in the election, the candidate with the next-highest total is elected.
Education in Nevada is achieved through public and private elementary , middle , and high schools , as well as colleges and universities.
Education savings accounts ESAs are enabled by the new law to help pay the tuition for private schools. Alternatively, families "can use funds in these accounts to also pay for textbooks and tutoring".
Approximately The Nevada Aerospace Hall of Fame provides educational resources and promotes the aerospace and aviation history of the state.
Forest Service , and Bureau of Land Management. The Nevada state parks comprise protected areas managed by the state of Nevada, including state parks , state historic sites , and state recreation areas.
There are 24 state park units, including Van Sickle Bi-State Park which opened in July and is operated in partnership with the state of California.
A review of gaming statistics can be found at Nevada gaming area. Nevada has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United States.
According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, there were , rooms in hotels of 15 or more rooms.
The state is ranked just below California, Texas, Florida, and New York in the total number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations.
Nevada has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far above the national average of one hotel room per 67 residents. Prostitution is legal in parts of Nevada in licensed brothels, but only counties with populations under , have the option to legalize it.
Although prostitution is not a major part of the Nevada economy, employing roughly women as independent contractors, it is a very visible endeavor.
Of the 14 counties permitted to legalize prostitution under state law, eight have chosen to legalize brothels. However, prostitution is legal in Storey County, which is part of the Reno—Sparks metropolitan area.
The team moved from San Antonio. Nevada takes pride in college sports, most notably its college football.
UNLV is most remembered for its men's basketball program , which experienced its height of supremacy in the late s and early s.
Coached by Jerry Tarkanian , the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most elite programs in the country. In , UNLV won the Men's Division I Championship by defeating Duke —73, which set tournament records for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the national title game.
In , UNLV finished the regular season undefeated, a feat that would not be matched in Division I men's basketball for more than 20 years.
Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the Naismith Award. North Carolina is the only other team to accomplish that —08, — The state's involvement in major-college sports is not limited to its local schools.
In the 21st century, the Las Vegas area has become a significant regional center for college basketball conference tournaments. The MW, West Coast Conference , and Western Athletic Conference all hold their men's and women's tournaments in the area, and the Pac holds its men's tournament there as well.
The Big Sky Conference , after decades of holding its men's and women's conference tournaments at campus sites, began holding both tournaments in Reno in Evander Holyfield , Evander Holyfield vs.
Amir Khan. Along with significant rises in popularity in mixed martial arts MMA , a number of fight leagues such as the UFC have taken interest in Las Vegas as a primary event location due to the number of suitable host venues.
The city has held the most UFC events with 86 events. Two venues in the immediate Las Vegas area host major annual events in rodeo.
The state is also home to one of the most famous tennis players of all time, Andre Agassi , and current baseball superstar Bryce Harper.
They include:. Area 51 is near Groom Lake , a dry salt lake bed. The Seahawk Weapon School was added in to provide tactical training for Navy helicopters.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Nevada disambiguation. For other uses, see Silver State disambiguation.
State in the United States. Boundary Peak    [a]. Colorado River at California border  .
Further information: List of counties in Nevada. Main article: History of Nevada. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The United States often opposed Third World movements that it viewed as Soviet-sponsored, and occasionally pursued direct action for regime change against left-wing governments, even supporting right-wing authoritarian governments at times.
At home, the U. Construction of an Interstate Highway System transformed the nation's infrastructure over the following decades.
Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments. A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of , sought to end racial discrimination.
The launch of a " War on Poverty " expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of Medicare and Medicaid , two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the means-tested Food Stamp Program and Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
The s and early s saw the onset of stagflation. After his election in , President Ronald Reagan responded to economic stagnation with free-market oriented reforms.
The concept of Pax Americana , which had appeared in the post-World War II period, gained wide popularity as a term for the post-Cold War new world order.
Fearing the instability would spread to other regions, President George H. Bush launched Operation Desert Shield , a defensive force buildup in Saudi Arabia, and Operation Desert Storm , in a staging titled the Gulf War; waged by coalition forces from 34 nations, led by the United States against Iraq ending in the expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait and restoration of the monarchy.
Originating within U. Government policy designed to promote affordable housing,  widespread failures in corporate and regulatory governance,  and historically low interest rates set by the Federal Reserve  led to the mids housing bubble , which culminated with the financial crisis , the nation's largest economic contraction since the Great Depression.
In , the Obama administration passed the Affordable Care Act , which made the most sweeping reforms to the nation's healthcare system in nearly five decades, including mandates , subsidies and insurance exchanges.
American forces in Iraq were withdrawn in large numbers in and , and the war in the region was declared formally over in December The 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia occupy a combined area of 3,, Of this area, 2,, The United States is the world's third- or fourth- largest nation by total area land and water , ranking behind Russia and Canada and nearly equal to China.
The ranking varies depending on how two territories disputed by China and India are counted, and how the total size of the United States is measured.
The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont.
The flat, fertile prairie of the Great Plains stretches to the west, interrupted by a highland region in the southeast. The supervolcano underlying Yellowstone National Park in the Rockies is the continent's largest volcanic feature.
The United States, with its large size and geographic variety, includes most climate types. To the east of the th meridian , the climate ranges from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south.
Much of the Western mountains have an alpine climate. The climate is arid in the Great Basin, desert in the Southwest, Mediterranean in coastal California , and oceanic in coastal Oregon and Washington and southern Alaska.
Most of Alaska is subarctic or polar. Hawaii and the southern tip of Florida are tropical , as well as its territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific.
There are 62 national parks and hundreds of other federally managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas.
Environmental issues include debates on oil and nuclear energy , dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation ,   and international responses to global warming.
Census Bureau officially estimated the country's population to be ,, as of July 1, Population Clock that approximates the latest population of the 50 states and District of Columbia based on the Bureau's most recent demographic trends.
The United States is the third most populous nation in the world, after China and India. In the median age of the United States population was In , there were almost 90 million immigrants and U.
White Americans mostly European ancestry are the largest racial group at In , out of the U. Until and , the United States led the word in refugee resettlement for decades, admitted more refugees than the rest of the world combined.
A Gallup poll concluded that 4. A United Nations report projected that the U. Census Bureau report projected the population of the country could be anywhere between million and million by , depending on the rate of in-migration; in all projected scenarios, a lower fertility rate and increases in life expectancy would result in an aging population.
The population growth of Hispanic and Latino Americans is a major demographic trend. The The United States has an annual birth rate of 13 per 1,, which is five births per 1, below the world average.
Many metros in the South, Southwest and West grew significantly between and The Dallas and Houston metros increased by more than a million people, while the Washington, D.
English specifically, American English is the de facto national language of the United States. Although there is no official language at the federal level, some laws—such as U.
Spanish is also the most widely taught second language. Both Hawaiian and English are official languages in Hawaii.
Several insular territories grant official recognition to their native languages, along with English: Samoan  is officially recognized by American Samoa and Chamorro  is an official language of Guam.
The most widely taught foreign languages in the United States, in terms of enrollment numbers from kindergarten through university undergraduate education , are Spanish around 7.
Religion in the United States . The First Amendment of the U. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids Congress from passing laws respecting its establishment.
In a survey, Protestantism is the largest Christian religious grouping in the United States, accounting for almost half of all Americans.
Baptists collectively form the largest branch of Protestantism at As with other Western countries, the U.
Irreligion is growing rapidly among Americans under The Bible Belt is an informal term for a region in the Southern United States in which socially conservative evangelical Protestantism is a significant part of the culture and Christian church attendance across the denominations is generally higher than the nation's average.
By contrast, religion plays the least important role in New England and in the Western United States. Abortion rates, currently per 1, live births and 15 per 1, women aged 15—44, are falling but remain higher than most Western nations.
The total fertility rate in was Polygamy is illegal throughout the U. The United States had a life expectancy of The recent decline, primarily among the age group 25 to 64, is largely due to sharp increases in the drug overdose and suicide rates; the country has one of the highest suicide rates among wealthy countries.
Increasing obesity in the United States and health improvements elsewhere contributed to lowering the country's rank in life expectancy from 11th in the world in , to 42nd in , and as of the country had the lowest life expectancy among Japan, Canada, Australia, the UK, and seven countries of western Europe.
In , coronary artery disease , lung cancer , stroke , chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases , and traffic accidents caused the most years of life lost in the U.
Low back pain , depression , musculoskeletal disorders , neck pain , and anxiety caused the most years lost to disability.
The most harmful risk factors were poor diet, tobacco smoking , obesity, high blood pressure , high blood sugar , physical inactivity , and alcohol use.
Alzheimer's disease , drug abuse, kidney disease , cancer, and falls caused the most additional years of life lost over their age-adjusted per-capita rates.
Health-care coverage in the United States is a combination of public and private efforts and is not universal.
In , American public education is operated by state and local governments, regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants.
In most states, children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven generally, kindergarten or first grade until they turn 18 generally bringing them through twelfth grade , the end of high school ; some states allow students to leave school at 16 or Of Americans 25 and older, The United States has many private and public institutions of higher education.
The majority of the world's top universities, as listed by various ranking organizations, are in the U. In , U21 , a network of research-intensive universities, ranked the United States first in the world for breadth and quality of higher education, and 15th when GDP was a factor.
The United States is a federal republic of 50 states , a federal district , five territories and several uninhabited island possessions.
It is a federal republic and a representative democracy , "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law.
In the American federalist system , citizens are usually subject to three levels of government : federal, state, and local.
The local government 's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district.
The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the U. Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document.
Article One protects the right to the "great writ" of habeas corpus. The Constitution has been amended 27 times;  the first ten amendments, which make up the Bill of Rights , and the Fourteenth Amendment form the central basis of Americans' individual rights.
All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided.
The principle of judicial review, not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, was established by the Supreme Court in Marbury v.
Madison  in a decision handed down by Chief Justice John Marshall. The House of Representatives has voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term.
House seats are apportioned among the states by population. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment.
The District of Columbia and the five major U. The Senate has members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one-third of Senate seats are up for election every two years.
The president is not elected by direct vote , but by an indirect electoral college system in which the determining votes are apportioned to the states and the District of Columbia.
The state governments are structured in a roughly similar fashion, though Nebraska has a unicameral legislature.
Some state judges and cabinet officers are appointed by the governors of the respective states, while others are elected by popular vote.
The 50 states are the principal administrative divisions in the country. These are subdivided into counties or county equivalents and further divided into municipalities.
Each state has presidential electors equal to the number of their representatives and senators in Congress; the District of Columbia has three because of the 23rd Amendment.
The United States also observes tribal sovereignty of the American Indian nations to a limited degree, as it does with the states' sovereignty.
American Indians are U. Congress and the federal courts. Like the states they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency.
Citizenship is granted at birth in all states, the District of Columbia, and all major U. The United States has operated under a two-party system for most of its history.
Since the general election of , the major parties have been the Democratic Party , founded in , and the Republican Party , founded in The president and vice president are elected by the Electoral College.
In American political culture , the center-right Republican Party is considered " conservative " and the center-left Democratic Party is considered " liberal.
The " red states " of the South and parts of the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains are relatively conservative. Republican Donald Trump , the winner of the presidential election , is serving as the 45th president of the United States.
The Senate consists of 53 Republicans and 45 Democrats with two Independents who caucus with the Democrats; the House consists of Democrats, Republicans, and 1 Libertarian.
Among the D. The United States has an established structure of foreign relations. Almost all countries have embassies in Washington, D.
Likewise, nearly all nations host American diplomatic missions. Colombia is traditionally considered by the United States as its most loyal ally in South America.
Taxation in the United States is levied at the federal, state, and local government levels. This includes taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates and gifts, as well as various fees.
Taxation in the United States is based on citizenship, not residency. The United States is one of the only countries in the world to do so.
In taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to The president is the commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
In , the armed forces had 1. The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2. The Department of Defense also employed about , civilians, not including contractors.
Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System. The military operates bases and facilities abroad,  and maintains deployments greater than active duty personnel in 25 foreign countries.
The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the second largest stockpile of nuclear weapons in the world.
Law enforcement in the United States is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and sheriff 's offices, with state police providing broader services.
Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights , national security and enforcing U. A cross-sectional analysis of the World Health Organization Mortality Database from showed that United States "homicide rates were 7.
The United States has the highest documented incarceration rate and largest prison population in the world. Capital punishment is sanctioned in the United States for certain federal and military crimes, and at the state level in 30 states.
Supreme Court ruling striking down arbitrary imposition of the death penalty. Since the decision there have been more than 1, executions, a majority of these taking place in three states: Texas, Virginia, and Oklahoma.
In , the country had the sixth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, Iran , Saudi Arabia , Iraq , and Egypt.
According to the International Monetary Fund , the U. In , the total U. From to , U. In , the private sector was estimated to constitute With The largest private employment sector is health care and social assistance, with It has a smaller welfare state and redistributes less income through government action than most European nations.
The United States is the only advanced economy that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation  and is one of a few countries in the world without paid family leave as a legal right.
It was fourth in productivity per hour, behind those two countries and the Netherlands. The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the midth century.
Methods for producing interchangeable parts were developed by the U. War Department by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century.
This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U. Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system of mass production.
In , Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U. Thomas Edison 's research laboratory , one of the first of its kind, developed the phonograph , the first long-lasting light bulb , and the first viable movie camera.
In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line.
The Wright brothers , in , made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight. The invention of the transistor in the s, a key active component in practically all modern electronics , led to many technological developments and a significant expansion of the U.
Accounting for 4. This is largely because at-risk workers get almost no government support and are further set back by a very weak collective bargaining system.
After years of stagnation, median household income reached a record high in following two consecutive years of record growth.
Income inequality remains at record highs however, with the top fifth of earners taking home more than half of all overall income. Between June and November , the global recession led to falling asset prices around the world.
Assets owned by Americans lost about a quarter of their value. There were about , sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons in the US in January , with almost two-thirds staying in an emergency shelter or transitional housing program.
The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since , while most major airports are publicly owned.
The United States energy market is about 29, terawatt hours per year. The remainder was supplied by nuclear and renewable energy sources.
Since , the total greenhouse gas emissions by the United States are the second highest by country, exceeded only by China.
The United States is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. Americans have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic , competitiveness, and individualism,  as well as a unifying belief in an " American creed " emphasizing liberty, equality, private property, democracy, rule of law, and a preference for limited government.
According to a British study, Americans gave 1. The American Dream , or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility , plays a key role in attracting immigrants.
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe. Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the century's second half; Emily Dickinson , virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential American poet.
Twelve U. William Faulkner , Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century.
The transcendentalists , led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson , established the first major American philosophical movement.
In the 20th century, the work of W. Quine and Richard Rorty , and later Noam Chomsky , brought analytic philosophy to the fore of American philosophical academia.
John Rawls and Robert Nozick also led a revival of political philosophy. In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a midth-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism.
Major artistic movements such as the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and the pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein developed largely in the United States.
Mainstream American cuisine is similar to that in other Western countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain with about three-quarters of grain products made of wheat flour  and many dishes use indigenous ingredients, such as turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup which were consumed by Native Americans and early European settlers.
The American fast food industry, the world's largest,  pioneered the drive-through format in the s. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed.
Although little known at the time, Charles Ives 's work of the s established him as the first major U. Aaron Copland and George Gershwin developed a new synthesis of popular and classical music.
The rhythmic and lyrical styles of African-American music have deeply influenced American music at large, distinguishing it from European and African traditions.
Elements from folk idioms such as the blues and what is now known as old-time music were adopted and transformed into popular genres with global audiences.
Jazz was developed by innovators such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington early in the 20th century. Country music developed in the s, and rhythm and blues in the s.
Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry were among the mids pioneers of rock and roll. Rock bands such as Metallica , the Eagles , and Aerosmith are among the highest grossing in worldwide sales.
More recent American creations include hip hop and house music. Hollywood , a northern district of Los Angeles , California, is one of the leaders in motion picture production.
Director D. The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the " Golden Age of Hollywood ," from the early sound period until the early s,  with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures.Main article: Recognition of same-sex unions in Nevada. In DouglasMineral Beste in Christophshof finden, and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry. Inthe country had the sixth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, IranSaudi ArabiaIraqand Egypt. Women hold nine of the 21 seats in the Nevada Senate, and 23 of the 42 seats in the Nevada Assembly. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Augusta - Richmond County.